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What is Dementia and Dementia Symptoms: Is Dementia Curable?

What is Dementia and Dementia Symptoms. Is Dementia Curable?

Dementia is not a disease itself, rather a symptom of other mentally degenerative conditions. It’s a mental deterioration of organic or functional origin. The word dementia has come from Latin - de- "without" + ment, the root of mens "mind". It is a condition of serious loss of mental abilities. Dementia can affect memory, reasoning, self care, speech and orientation in time and place. Memory loss is a part of dementia and people who suffer from this condition can’t recognize their acquaintances, also face problems doing daily routine works. In this situation people become confused and sometimes aggressive as well. Often dementia is associated with the natural aging process but it is not normal part of the old age. Although, it is common in older persons but many diseases and conditions can lead to dementia in the younger people too.

Dementia can occur because of Alzheimer's disease, Vascular reasons such as high blood pressure, multiple strokes, substance abuse and certain medical conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington disease, and other neurological illnesses. Emotional distress can also cause dementia. Kidney or liver failure, pancreatic diseases or blood electrolyte imbalances can also be the reasons of developing dementia. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. Alzheimer's destroys brain cells which in turn can lead to dementia. Based on which part of the brain affected Dementia can be categorized in two types - cortical dementias and the subcortical dementias. Cortical dementias occur from a disorder affecting the cerebral cortex and subcortical dementias occur from dysfunction in the parts of the brain that are beneath the cortex.

Dementia Symptoms

Symptoms are dementia are short –term loss of memory, confusion, inability to think properly, problem in making judgments, speech difficulties, weight loss, loss of appetite, depression, delusions and hallucinations. Dementia slows down the brain’s function and playing games like crosswords and solving puzzles is good for the affected person. In the initial stage of dementia, normally there are no prominent symptoms. But the symptoms of dementia get more prominent and worse over time. Although, symptoms of dementia and progression of dementia does vary on the severity of the underlying causes, medical history and other factors.

Dementia is partially treatable. Some types of dementia such as dementia caused by chronic drug abuse, Vitamin B12 deficiency, Hypoglycemia and Hypothyroidism are partially treatable. Majority of the cases dementia is non-treatable. Dementia causes from Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia, AIDS dementia complex, dementias associated with Parkinson’s disease etc. are incurable.

Sources:

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/142214.php

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/142214.php

http://www.mental-health-matters.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=72

 

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Comments (2)
tracey smith

I am a home health aide and in care of a patient who suffers from Dementia. I notice everyday that I come in that her condition is gettin worse. She cannot even coil water anymore without burning the pot. She is also takin double and somtimes triple doses of medication.

I\'ve been doing researches about the symptoms and causes of dementia. I need it for my university assignment and I\'m really getting curious about it because my grandmother is showing signs of dementia.

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